glaucoides - kumlieni
(last update: January 26, 2012)
Kumlien's Gull (kumlieni) adult, February 07 2007, St John's, Newfoundland, Canada. Pictures: Chris Gibbins.
Age adult winter, lacking brown wash on primary coverts.
Wingtip darkness score: 2 - medium grey (Estimated Kodak 7-10). In the study by Howell & Mactavish, about 77% of Kumlien's Gulls in New Foundland belong to this category, see Table 1.
Wingtip scoring for dark markings on P5-P10: 0-2-4-5-4-1. See Plate 1 for explanation. Note that P6 only has an ill-defined sub-terminal triangle.
Wingtip pattern category: Type M, Stage 4; darker grey or more extensive grey marks on the outer five primaries with complete subterminal bands on zero to three primaries. See primary patterns for explanation. In the study by Howell & Mactavish, about 55% of Kumlien's Gulls in New Foundland belong to this category, see Table 2.
Iris colour variation: -