glaucoides - kumlieni
(last update: January 26, 2012)
Age adult winter.
Primary category: Stage 1, darker grey marks on the outer one to four primaries but no subterminal marks. (see: primary patterns for explanation). Note faint grey line on outer-web of P10.
Yellow iris without obvious speckling. Class 1: yellow iris, 0% > 1% speckling. (see chart).
Note: Hans Larsson presents many images on this site, all birds photographed late February - early March in Iceland. Identification on sub-species level is tentative in these birds, as both Canadian kumlieni and nominate glaucoides (bulk of the birds of course) may be expected late winter. On location, most birds will belong to pale glaucoides, (and most are readily identified as such, showing very pale to white plumage), but in the spectrum, the exact line between dark glaucoides and pale kumlieni is still subject of debate and birds in this overlapping zone may probably best left unidentified at time present.