Larus cachinnans

(last update: February 16, 2013)

Greg Neubauer
Marcin Przymencki
Albert de Jong
Mars Muusse


cachinnans plumages

Larus argentatus sensu lato 3P43 adult, April 26 2014, Wytyckie Lake - Urszulin, Poland. Picture: Łukasz Bednarz ringing team.

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For 2012, breeding location of 150 pairs cachinnans, of which 54 adults ringed and 158 pulli in 2012 (pers comm. Łukasz Bednarz).

Taxa other than cachinnans are rare in this east Polish population, still mixed breeding can be suspected with migration of birds from the middle Vistula; and hybridisation may take place at very low level. Therefore the ringing centre in Poland decided to label such birds "Larus argentatus sensu lato". Still bulk of the breeding birds in Urszulin region show features of cachinnans.

Breeding bird trapped at the nest. Adult, with medium white tongue on P10, and full broad band on P5; black spot on P4. Moderate speckling in iris. Yellow-orange orbital ring and yellow gape. No red on upper mandible (gonys spot hardly reaching to cutting edge); faint black on lower mandible; moderate gonys angle. Pink-fleshy legs with yellowish hue. This bird might be an extreme in pure cachinnans, showing much black in the wingtip, or maybe has inherited some genetics from argentatus; probably best labeled 'not further determined'.